The history of sculpture focused on the medium use and as man progressed, the focal point incorporated ideas and values that man put into these 3-dimensional objects. It embarked with objects from distant civilizations created out of crude clay or stone, something that ought to be chipped away with primitive tools.
With the invention of fire came pottery and utensils as well as objects used for worship. Later on, iron and other metals, precious or otherwise, were being cast into shapes and in the Greek period came very sophisticated carvings of the human shape that later Renaissance artists envied and tried to emulate.
As the materials evolved so did the sensibilities. We find that massive Buddhas, Sphinxes, the Colossus of Rhodes, deities or mythological creatures, busts of great men and women were created that inspired emotions of awe and wonder.
Many different forms of sculpture have been in use in many exceptional regions such as Asia, frequently based on the religions of Hinduism and Buddhism. In India, the first sculptures date back to the Indus Valley Civilization, where stone and bronze carvings have been discovered. It is the home of the earliest situations of sculpture in the world.
Later, as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism developed, India produced some of the most complex bronzes in the world, as well as unrivalled temple carvings. Some large shrines, like the one at Ellora, were carved out of solid rock, making them the greatest and most intricate sculptures in the world. In Japan, limitless paintings and sculpture were often made underneath governmental sponsorship. Other cultures from the Eastern and Western parts of the world sculpture is associated with religion, freedom, conflict and leaders.
A sculpture is a three-dimensional, human-made object selected for special recognition as art. Every culture since the beginning of human existence has sculpted objects that have lasted hundreds or even thousands of years. Sculpture as a three-dimensional object is different from other art in that it is also tactile and allows even the blind to experience it.