Graffiti is written or illustrated on a wall or other surface, generally as a type of creative speech, without authorization and in public perspective. Graffiti varies from easy written phrases to elaborate paintings on the wall, and has existed since ancient times, with examples from ancient Egypt, ancient Greece, and the Roman Empire.
Spray paint and marker pens have become widely used graffiti materials in contemporary times, and there are many distinct graffiti kinds and styles, it is a fast-growing art form.
The movement emerged amid a flurry of urban street protests on both sides of the Atlantic about 1968. In Europe, it arose during student protests in Paris and Berlin; in America it appeared in Philadelphia, then New York where it blossomed into a major form of urban contemporary art.
In the 1970s this was the main evolutionary period for creative graffiti. Competition for visibility was intense as graffiti artists struggled to put up as many tags as possible. This led to a surge of graffiti on New York subway cars, that – once painted – would carry the artist’s tag across the city. Tags became more and more complex and colourful: bubble-style works gave way to designs with polka dots and crosshatches. “Pieces” and “Top-to-bottoms” appeared. In 1972, Hugo Martinez started the Razor Gallery and the organization United Graffiti Artists (UGA), to help members achieve representation in mainstream art galleries.
Graffiti, kind of communication, sometimes extrajudicial, involving the unauthorized marking of public house by an individual or cluster. though the common image of graffiti may be a rhetorical image or phrase spray-painted on a wall by a member of a street gang, some graffiti isn’t gang-related. Graffiti will be understood as delinquent behaviour performed so as to achieve attention or as a kind of thrill seeking, however it can also be understood as an expressive art form.