In Ceramics and Glass Crafts


The ancient Roman historian Pliny suggested that Phoenician merchants had made the first glass in the region of Syria around 5000BC. But in accordance with the archaeological evidence, the first man-made glass used to be in Eastern Mesopotamia and Egypt around 3500BC and the first glass vessels had been made about 1500BC in Egypt and Mesopotamia.

For the subsequent 300 years, the glass industry was increased rapidly and then declined. In Mesopotamia, it was revived in the 700BC and in Egypt in the 500’s BC. For the next 500 years, Egypt, Syria and the other countries alongside the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea have been centres for glass manufacturing.

In the beginning, it was very challenging and slow to manufacture glass. Glass melting furnaces were small and the warmth they produced was hardly enough to melt glass. But in the 1st century BC, Syrian craftsmen invented the blowpipe. This revolutionary discovery made glass manufacturing easier, quicker and cheaper. Glass production flourished in the Roman Empire and spread from Italy to all countries beneath its rule. In 1000 AD the Egyptian metropolis of Alexandria was once the most essential centre of glass manufacture.

Throughout Europe, the miraculous art of making stained glass on church buildings and cathedrals throughout the continent reached its peak in the best Chatres and Canterbury cathedral windows produced in the 13th and 14th centuries. The very first glass regarded to Stone Age humans which were used for making weapons and decorative objects, was obsidian, black volcanic glass. The earliest acknowledged man-made glass are date lower back to around 3500BC, with finds in Egypt and Eastern Mesopotamia.

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Glassware is defined as containers or objects made from glass.

An example of glassware is a set of glass cups.

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