The earliest known recorded crochet patterns had been printed in 1824, and yet there is a great deal of proof pointing to the fact that woman especially have been recording and sharing crochet patterns since well before then.
While the actual origins of Crochet are unclear as the skill was once originally word of mouth, Lis Paludan theorises that crochet evolved from traditional practices in Iran, South America or China, but there is no exact evidence of the craft being carried out before its popularity in Europe for the duration of the 19th century.
Rochet, as we say in the English Language, is derived from the French phrase crochet, which literally means hook. Like knitting, crochet stitches are made by pulling the yarn through an active loop. While knitting involves a row of open active loops or stitches the method of crochet only uses one loop or stitch at a time. A range of textures, patterns and shapes can be created through varying tension, dropping and adding stitches, and wrapping the yarn around the hook during a stitch.
There is no restriction to the materials that can be used to crochet. Throughout records people from all over the world have used thread, wool, yarn, grass, rope, wire, silk; even dental floss and hair have been crocheted. An article by Ruthie Marks states that ‘Research suggests that crochet in all likelihood developed most directly from Chinese needlework, a very ancient structure of embroidery recognized in Turkey, India, Persia and North Africa, which reached Europe in the 1700s and was referred to as “tambouring,” from the French “tambour” or drum.
At the end of the 18th century, tambour evolved into what the French referred to as “crochet in the air,” when the background fabric was discarded and the stitch worked on its own. For a lengthy time, the skill of Crochet used to be shared verbally between friends and family; stitches and patterns were copied directly from original work.
Crochet is a process by which yarn or thread and a single hook of any size can be used to make fabric, lace, garments and toys. Crochet may also be used to make hats, bags and jewellery.