The origins of quilting remain unknown, but historians do know that quilting, piecing, and applique had been used for clothing and furnishings in numerous parts of the world in early times.
The earliest recognized quilted garment is on the carved ivory figure of a Pharaoh of the Egyptian first dynasty about 3400 B.C. In 1924 archaeologists found a quilted floor covering in Mongolia, they estimated that it dates from somewhere between the first century B.C. to the 2nd century A.D. There are additionally numerous references to quilts in literature and also inventories of estates. Crusaders introduced quilting to Europe from the Middle East in the late 11th century.
Quilted garments were popular in the middle Ages. Knights wore them beneath their armor for comfort. They also used quilted garments to guard the metallic armor against the factors (rain, snow, sun). The earliest known surviving mattress quilt is one from Sicily from the end of the fourteenth century. It is made of linen and padded with wool.
Quilting is the process of sewing two or more layers of fabric together to make a thicker padded material, usually to create a quilt or quilted garment. Typically, quilting is done with three layers: the top fabric or quilt top, batting or insulating material and backing material, but many different styles are adopted.